Democracy in Kyrgyzstan: Opportunities and Challenges

Document Type : Original Article


1 Upendranath College, Soro, India

2 Department of Political Science, School of Social Science, Guru Ghasidas University,Vishwavidyalaya, India


This research paper scrutinizes the political transformations that occurred in Kyrgyzstan following the post-Soviet era, while positing that systemic factors impede the nation-building process and contribute to political turbulence. The study incorporates an examination of the legal and political developments during the post-Soviet period, employing historical and dialectical methodologies to evaluate the state of democracy in the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. Furthermore, the paper delves into the underlying causes of political unrest, the subsequent transition to a parliamentary democracy, and the potential avenues for representative democracy. The research concludes by highlighting a discernible tension between the existing political culture and traditional structures, which influence the direction of democratic progress in Kyrgyzstan. To assess the democratic transition and significant institutional changes in Kyrgyzstan, this article utilizes a qualitative evaluation. The analysis is based on a comprehensive examination of relevant literature pertaining to the democratization process in Central Asia, with a specific focus on Kyrgyzstan. Employing an analytical approach, the research addresses the challenges posed by structural reforms within the country. A logical framework is employed, leveraging speeches and official declarations to glean insights into the broader political transition and institutional transformations encompassing the entire republic. Primary sources, such as the Kyrgyz Constitution, election code, official records, reports, studies compiled by Kyrgyz officials, decisions, declarations, agreements, rules, and speeches, constitute the foundation of this analysis. Furthermore, secondary sources, including books, articles, online posts, magazines, newspapers, and publicly accessible online resources, supplement the research.