Iran-Russia Military and Security Relations after the JCPOA

Document Type : Original Article


1 Mofid University

2 -


Iran and Russia's military and security cooperation have considerably increased after the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was signed by Iran, the European Union and the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, UK and the US). Usingthe concepts of securitization and desecuritization in the Copenhagen School of security studies,the authors examine the military and security ties between Iran and Russia. The main research question is as follows: How has the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) affected the Iranian-Russian military and security relations?The main objective is to test a hypothesis asserting that the JCPOA descuritized the Iranian nuclear program and removed the obstacles in Iran's relations with Russia in bilateral, regional and international levels. In fact, Iran's nuclear program changed into a technical issue and was desecuritized after the nuclear deal. This led to a noticeable improvement of Iran's relations with Russia and other countries. The removal of the Russian sanctions against Iran and the numerous visits of the two countries’ government officials as well as Putin's order to lift the ban on the sale of the S300 missile system to Tehran are among the most important indicators of the improvement of security relations between the two countries. Meanwhile, the Russian military presence in Syria along with Moscow’s cooperation with Iran in the fight against terrorism are viewed as other important post-JCPOA developments which have improved the bilateral Iran and Russia's military cooperation at the regional level.


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